Studia Doctoralia 2018-12-29T19:56:29+02:00 Andreea Butucescu Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">Studia Doctoralia Psychology and Education is the official journal of The Doctoral School of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Bucharest, Romania, published by the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Doctoral Centre for Interdisciplinary Research, Innovation and Sustainable Development (CCIIDD)</a></p> From the Executive Editor to the Editorial Team and collaborators: Thank You 2018-12-29T19:56:28+02:00 2018-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Predictors of performance at the Baccalaureate in Romania. A Pilot Study 2018-12-29T19:56:28+02:00 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The aim of the present study is to examine the predictors of performance on the Romanian Bacalaureat (BAC). The study analyses the relationship between the composite BAC score as the criterion and several psychological attributes as the predictors: general cognitive ability, emotional intelligence, learning motivation, grit, conscientiousness, self-regulation, and the hours spent on exam preparation. Data analysis reveals the fact that intelligence does not predict BAC performance at all. The same result also holds for the association between BAC performance and emotional intelligence or motivation. Self-regulation, conscientiousness and grit are trivially, yet not statistically significant associated with BAC performance. Even the number of hours spent on exam preparation donot predict BAC performance.Taking these results into account, it is crucial to explain why no statistically significant association was obtained between the predictors and criterion. In the author’s mind, the findings should sound a warning with regard to the exam held in Romania when one graduates high school.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2018-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Culture and prosocial behavior. An Incremental Validity Model 2018-12-29T19:56:28+02:00 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The present study investigated if values and social axioms predict prosocial behavior, as well as the incremental validity of social axioms, beyond values in the prediction of prosocial behavior. Considering that there is no evidence in the scientific literature for studies that explore the relationship of these three variables, the aim of the study was to fill in this gap. Initially 177 participants took part in the study; in the final analysis, data from 155 participants was included. Participants could access the questionnaires on social networks where they had to complete four trials of the Ultimatum and Dictator Game, the Prosocialness Scale (Caprara et. al, 2005), the Romanian version of the second edition of Social Axioms Survey (SAS-II; Leung et al., 2012) and the Value Survey of Schwartz (1992). Results showed that social axioms have incremental validity over and beyond values in the prediction of prosocial behavior – measured objective and subjective. These results bring evidence for values and social axioms explaining a significant part of the variance of the prosocial behavior. In addition, social axioms have a significant predictive power beyond values. This study has a theoretical and a practical contribution, as well. It contributes to the development of the culture, as a concept by adding the notion of social axioms and has a practical contribution for planning interventions that focus on changing the way people cooperate or modifying the helping tendencies of people.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2018-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Expanding the JD-R Model: is Vocational Fit a resource to consider? 2018-12-29T19:56:28+02:00 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>This study has two main goals. The first would be the extension of the Job Demands-Resources Model with another factor, namely with vocational fit. The other is to examine the relationship between vocational fit, work engagement and burnout, within the same framework. For this purpose, a total of 106 non-randomly selected participants have been invited to fill in a set of four questionnaires, written in Romanian. One out of the two hypotheses have been supported by the evidence. More specifically, the statement that vocational fit has incremental validity, over and above job demands and job resources, in predicting burnout and engagement has been confirmed. However, the assumption that vocational fit mediates the relationship between burnout and work engagement, has not.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2018-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The contribution of work engagement over proactive personality and proactive work behavior 2018-12-29T19:56:28+02:00 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the incremental validity of work engagement over the proactive personality in predicting proactive behavior at work. Thus, it was tested the extent to which work engagement with its dimensions - dedication, absorption, vigor - can predict the proactive behavior at the workplace over the proactive personality. The data was collected through an online questionnaire and the application was made on a sample of 120 participants who were currently working in an organization, student association, or non-governamental organization. The results of the research have shown that work engagement is a predictor of the criterion in the incremental validity model, although, only absorption of all three dimensions has proved to be a statistically significant unic predictor. Theoretical and practical implication will be discussed.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2018-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Comparative Evaluations of Performance and Self-esteem as Determinants of Job Insecurity 2018-12-29T19:56:29+02:00 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>Job insecurity is a toxic stressor brought forward by the world’s financial crisis. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that comparative judgements predict a unique percentage of job insecurity’s variance, above self esteem. Subsequently, questionnaires were applied via social media or via paper-pencil to 108 participants. Hierarchical regression results show that comparative judgements do not have any incremental effect in predicting job insecurity above self esteem. Self esteem predicts 21% variance in job insecurity. In conclusion, job insecurity is predicted by how individuals globally evaluate themselves, with comparative judgements regarding one’s own performance or the company’s performance having no incremental predictive power. These two variables can be regarded as undifferentiated from self esteem.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2018-12-29T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##